Government: Federal Democratic Republic
Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
Area: 147,181 km (water: 3,830 km2, land: 143,351 km2)
Population: 27,676,547 (as of July 2006)
Language: Nepali (Official Language) and numerous other regional languages
Religions: Hinduism 76.3%, Buddhism 18.1%, Islam 3.6%, other 2.1%
Country code: +977
Internet TLD: .np
Time Zone: UTC+5:45
Emergencies: 100 for police, 101 for fire-brigade, 102 for medical support
Situated between two big industrial nations China and India, Nepal is a young republic that sits on the lap of the majestic mountains. After the decade long political instability as a result of Maoist revolution, order was finally restored in this Himalayan nation upon abolishing the monarchy. Gradually, the land of Buddha and Mt. Everest is gearing towards political stability.
From the highest peak of the world to the deepest gorge, Nepal is blessed with incredible geo-diversity. The rugged and tall Himalayan Mountains on the north and the flat and fertile Terai with dense forest in the south squeeze the hilly region of Nepal which has rocky hills and terraced farmland with small village communities.
Traditionally, years in Nepal are categorized into six periods, viz., Bashanta (Spring), Grishma (Early Summer), Barkha (Monsoonal Summer), Sharad (Early Autumn), Hemanta (Late Autumn) and Shishir (Winter). This division is specifically relevant in festivities, celebration and agriculture and harvesting. However, it can be understood that Nepal has four main seasons in Spring, Summer, autumn and Winter.
While the springs are cooler with moderately warm days and occasional showers, summers bring a lot of often deadly precipitation, i.e. the monsoon rain drenches most of the summer days causing erosion, landslides, flood and the likes. Autumns are chilly and with occasional rainfall while the winter months are cold and foggy with heavy snowfall and avalanche in the Himalayas. While light cloths with some moderately warm clothing are enough for spring and autumn, warm clothing are most for winter. Likewise, if you are travelling during summer, umbrellas will be handy and you might also want to bring rain protection for your back pack.
Nepalese standard electrical outlet consists of three-pronged triangle, however retrofitted outlets that accept the US and European plugs can also be found. Finding adapter with built-in fuse to change the shape of the plug is easy and more often than not, inexpensive. Effecting bargaining techniques can be handy wherever you go to do the purchase.
While on trek, however, finding and using electricity can be both scarce and expensive. Many teahouses allow you to charge your electric and electronic devises for money which you can expect to be somewhere in the range of 100 to 1,000 NRs depending on where you are trekking.